disease which is said to be caused by monkey virus was first recorded
in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in 1970, during a period of an
intensified effort to eliminate smallpox.
would break out in Nigeria for the third time in September 2017, with
thirty-one suspected cases reported across seven states; as it was first
experienced in 1971 and 1978 respectively.
the outbreak of the disease which occurred in September seems to have
been curtailed to some extent. New cases are not being reported like
before and tension has obviously subsided.
this doesn’t go to say that the disease has been eliminated. It’s a
virus, and there’s every possibility of another outbreak.
The main difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that
monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox
from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually seven to fourteen
days but can range from five to twenty-one days.
Patients are expected to develop a rash within one to three days
(sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever; where the various
stages of the rash appear, often beginning on the face and then
spreading elsewhere on the body.
face (in 95% of cases), and palms of the hands and soles of the feet
(75%) are most affected. Evolution of the rash from maculopapules
(lesions with flat bases) to vesicles (small fluid-filled blisters),
pustules, followed by crusts occurs in approximately ten days.
Human-to-human transmission can result from close contact with infected
respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or
objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials.
The number of the lesions varies from a few to several thousand,
affecting oral mucous membranes (in 70% of cases), genitalia (30%), and
conjunctivae (eyelid) (20%), as well as the cornea (eyeball).
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12. Although there is presently no known or proven, safe treatment for the disease, vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox.
However, the vaccine is no longer available to the public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication in 1980.