What is Hypertension?
Blood pressure that is high (hypertension) is one typical health condition where the long-term blood pressure against the artery walls is sufficient to eventually lead to health issues like heart disease.
Blood pressure is determined by the quantity of blood flowing through your heart as well as the degree of obstruction to the flow of blood within your arterial. The more blood that your heart pumps and the smaller your arteries, the greater your blood pressure. The reading of your blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It is comprised of two numbers.
The upper number (systolic pressure): When your heart beats, the first, or upper, number measures the pressure in your arteries.
The lower number (diastolic pressure): The lower number represents the pressure in your arteries between beats.
High blood pressure can be present for years without causing any symptoms. High blood pressure that is uncontrolled raises your risk of significant health problems such as heart attack and stroke. High blood pressure, fortunately, is easily detectable. You can consult a doctor to monitor your blood pressure after you realize you have it.
Symptoms and issues of Hypertension
Early morning headaches, nosebleeds, abnormal heart rhythms, visual alterations, and ear buzzing are some of the symptoms that can arise. Fatigue, nausea, vomiting, confusion, anxiety, chest pain, and muscle tremors are all symptoms of severe hypertension.
Blood pressure can only be diagnosed by having it measured by a medical practitioner. Blood pressure measurements are simple and painless. Although people can test their own blood pressure with automated devices, a health professional evaluation is necessary for risk assessment and associated disorders.
Hypertension can cause catastrophic cardiac damage, among other issues. Excessive pressure can cause arteries to stiffen, reducing blood and oxygen flow to the heart. Chest pain, often known as angina, can be caused by high blood pressure and restricted blood flow.
A heart attack occurs when the heart’s blood supply is cut off and cardiac muscle cells die from a lack of oxygen. The heart suffers more harm the longer blood flow is stopped. The heart fails to pump enough blood and oxygen to other essential organs, resulting in heart failure. An irregular heartbeat can cause sudden death.
Hypertension can potentially cause a stroke by bursting or blocking arteries that provide blood and oxygen to the brain.
Management and Treatment:
To control hypertension, a few guidelines are given below with the consultation of an expert;
- Regular Exercise:
- jogging, walking, swimming, and cycling, etc.
- Avoid stress-causing issues:
- Reduce stress through yoga, meditation, warm baths, etc.
- Diet plan:
- Reduce salt usage
- Avoid alcohol consumption
- Eating fresh fruits
- Olive oil
- Low-fat dairy items
- Control weight
- Reduce your weight according to your age, sex, and gender
The range of blood pressure is given below for guidelines but there may be a variation according to age and any other disease
|Normal||<120 mmHg||<80 mmHg|
For further guidance, consult with your doctor.