What is diabetes?
High blood sugar levels are the hallmark symptom of diabetes mellitus, more frequently referred to as diabetes. Insulin is responsible for transporting sugar from the bloodstream into cells, where it can be stored or used as fuel. Diabetes occurs when your body either does not produce enough insulin or is unable to adequately use the insulin it does produce.
Uncontrolled diabetes can harm your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs if it is not addressed.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (in which the body mistakenly fights itself) that prevents the body from producing insulin. Type 1 diabetes affects around 5-10% of people with diabetes. Type 1 diabetes symptoms might appear suddenly. It’s most commonly found in children, teenagers, and young adults. You’ll need to take insulin every day if you have type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and an inability to regulate blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes affects around 90% to 95% of diabetics. It takes a long time to develop and is usually discovered in middle-aged or older people (but more and more in children, teens, and young adults). If you’re at risk for diabetes, it’s crucial to have your blood sugar checked. Dieting and exercising can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in overweight people.
Pregnant women who have never had diabetes are at risk of developing gestational diabetes. Having gestational diabetes may increase the risk of your baby developing health issues. After the birth of your child, gestational diabetes normally disappears, but it raises your chance of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. As a youngster or teen, your child is more likely to be obese and more likely to acquire type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes
There are many general symptoms of diabetes
- Weight loss
- Increased hunger
- Extreme fatigue
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urine
- Blurry vision
Issue/complications of diabetes
There are some associated complications with diabetes
- Hearing loss
- Heart disease
- Heart attack
- Fungal infections
Food/Diets for the diabetes patients
You may fear that having diabetes will force you to give up your favorite foods. Your favorite foods aren’t out of the question, but you may have to downsize your portions or enjoy them less frequently. Your healthcare team or your family doctor will work with you to develop a diabetes meal plan that is tailored to your specific needs and preferences.
Eat a wide variety of healthful foods from all food categories, in the quantities your meal plan specifies, in order to maintain a healthy diet for diabetics.
Among the various types of food, there are:
The vegetables and fruits that aren’t grain-based are broccoli, carrots, leaves, peppers, and tomatoes
include potatoes, corn & green peas as well as fruit like melon, grapefruit, and oranges.
Whole grains include wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, and quinoa; at least half of your grains for the day should be whole grains.
Examples: Bread, spaghetti, cereal, and tortillas are some of the most commonly consumed foods.
Protein Skinless, boneless poultry, fish, eggs, and almonds and peanuts
a meat alternative like dried beans and peas, such as chickpeas and split peas, dairy—nonfat or low-fat milk, or lactose-free milk for those who are lactose intolerant