the global population grows and ages, the highest toll will be among
women in poor and middle-income countries, it said, and much of it from
cancers which are largely preventable.
review “highlights the large geographic inequality in availability of
resources and preventive measures and treatment to combat the growing
burden of cancer,” she told AFP.
is already killing one in seven women around the world, said the report
— the second highest cause of death after cardiovascular disease.
four of the deadliest cancers — breast, colorectal, lung and cervical
cancer — are mostly preventable or can be detected early, when
treatment is more successful.
countries, a much smaller proportion of cancer cases are diagnosed and
treated than in rich ones, while a much bigger group dies.
to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, there were 6.7
million new cancer cases and 3.5 million deaths among women worldwide in
numbers are expected to increase to 9.9 million cases and 5.5 million
deaths among females annually by 2030 as a result of the growth and
ageing of the population,” said the new report.
report said the highest ratio of cancer cases per population group are
still reported in high-income countries in Europe, the Americas and
Asia, but this was partly due to better access to screening and
proportionally much higher in low- and middle-income countries with
reduced access to diagnosis and treatment. The countries with the
highest death rate were Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Mongolia and Papua New
two most common types in both rich and poor nations, with colorectal
cancer the number three killer in developed countries, and cervical
cancer in less developed ones.
cancer can be staved off by vaccination against the cancer-causing Human
papillomavirus (HPV), and can be easily detected through regular
Papanicolaou (pap) test screens.
cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women in 140
countries worldwide and cervical cancer is the most common in 39
countries, all of which are LMICs (low- and medium-income countries),” said the report.
said the global economic burden of cancer for both genders was about
$286 billion (261 billion euros) in 2009, including costs for treatment
and care, and loss of workforce productivity.
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